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    Monetazione greca antica / Ancient Greek Coinage
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    Monetazione greca antica / Ancient Greek Coinage
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    Studioso autonomo / self-taught

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  1. Dico che questi falsi ci hanno proprio scocciato...
  2. http://www.ilgiornaledellanumismatica.it/?p=7731
  3. ELMI E MONETE NELL’ANTICA GRECIA

    @Lugiannoni, molto interessante!
  4. ELMI E MONETE NELL’ANTICA GRECIA

    Da qui le "batoste" suonate a Macedoni ed epigoni...
  5. ELMI E MONETE NELL’ANTICA GRECIA

    Io penso che la superiorità romana sul mondo greco era dovuta alle diverse tattiche di combattimento e alla relativa differenza delle armi usate: i romani erano campioni nel corpo a corpo e quindi nell'uso della spada mentre i greci si combattevano tenendosi a distanza e usando prima la lancia e più tardi la sarissa, la lunga lancia della falange macedone. Un'arma quasi sconosciuta ai greci, ad esempio, era la falcata o "spada spagnola" raffigurata sul denario del legato P. Carisius, qui allegata (Denarius 25-23 BC, Emerita. 3.42 g. P. Carisius, legate. Bare head left // Round ornamented shield; above, spear head; below, curved sword with hilt. RIC I 2b. Rare. Very fine) La spada spagnola fu adoperata certamente anche prima che i Romani venissero a contatto con gli Spagnoli guidati da Annibale, perchè in Livio si legge che Tito Manlio Torquato durante la guerra contro i Galli (=360 a. C.), dopo aver accettato la sfida di un Gallo di gigantesca statura, presso l'Aniene, "cinse la cosiddetta spada spagnola più maneggevole per la lotta a corpo a corpo. Manlio che era di mezzana statura e di mingherlino aspetto... scansò col suo scudo quello del nemico, urtandolo... e trafisse due volte l'avversario al ventre e all'inguine e lo fece stramazzare a terra..." (VII, 10, 5). Ma all'epoca l'uso individuale di un tipo di arma anzichè altre, perchè prescelta da chi poteva permettersela, non incideva su quello che era l'armamento legionario più diffuso o stabilito dai generali dello Stato. E solo con Scipione vi fu l'adozione specifica di tale gladio per i legionari. Lo scempio fatto dai soldati romani sui corpi dei Macedoni non poteva non atterrire i soldati di Filippo V e il re medesimo. In Polibio VI, 23, 6 sgg. e in Livio XXXI, 34, 4, si afferma esplicitamente che questa spada ispanica era portata da opliti e da cavalieri; ma essa è portata anche dai vèlites (Polibio, VI, 22, 1; Livio, XXXI, 35, 5; M. Roldan- Hervas, Hispania y el esercito, cit., p. 30). Conferme in Livio, XXXVIII, 21, 13.
  6. http://www.ilgiornaledellanumismatica.it/?p=7112
  7. PANORAMA NUMISMATICO - settembre 2017

    complimenti anche per i suoi imminenti impegni congressuali!
  8. PANORAMA NUMISMATICO - settembre 2017

    complimenti a @Lugiannoni per il suo bello ed esaustivo articolo sulle didramme di Populonia!
  9. http://www.ilgiornaledellanumismatica.it/?p=2683
  10. MONETE RAFFIGURANTI GLADIATORI

    E infine questa moneta celtica che imita la prima moneta di questa discussione... CELTIC, Middle Danube. Uncertain tribe in Pannonia. Late 2nd-early 1st century BC. AR Denarius (3.64 g, 12h). Imitating Roman Republican type. Helmeted head of Roma right; ΛΕΛ behind / Two warriors (or gladiators) fighting, both holding weapon overhead, the one on right also holds circular shield; palms flanking. Davis Class B/I; Lanz -; CCCBM I 261 var. (letters behind helmet); KMW -; De la Tour 10092; Allen & Nash -. VF, darkly toned, partial flat strike. ($300)Ex Boyd Collection (Baldwin's, 26 September 2005), lot 152 (part of), with his original ticket; purchased from W.S. Lincoln, January 1904.Imitations of Roman Republican denarii often have obverse and reverse types that are copied from different issues. CCCBM lists this coinage as imitating the issue of the Roman moneyer Q. Thermus M.f. (Crawford 319/1; Minucia 19). If so, the obverse is certainly copied from another Roman type, as the Thermus issue has a left facing head of Mars on its obverse. As the helmeted Roma type used here appears on a vast array of different Republican issues, it is uncertain which was imitated here, regardless of the visible legend (which is barbarized on this coin). Another possibility is that the coin is an imitation of the issue of T. Didius (Crawford 294/1; Didia 2) with two gladiators fighting on the reverse. While the reverse on our coin is slightly closer to the Thermus issue, the obverse of the Didius issue is of the same type that is imitated here.Estimate: $300
  11. MONETE RAFFIGURANTI GLADIATORI

    Possiamo tirarci per i capelli pure questa.... Septimius Severus AR Denarius. Rome, AD 202-210. SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate bust right / LAETITIA TEMPORVM, the spina of the Circus Maximus decorated as a ship facing left, with the turning posts at its prow and stern, a sail mounted on the central obelisk, and the spina's other monuments visible in between; above the ship, four quadrigas racing left; below, seven animals: an ostrich at left and a bear at right; between them a lion and a lioness chasing a wild ass and a panther attacking a bison. RIC 274; BMC 343. 2.23g, 19mm, 12h.Good Very Fine. Minor flan chip and crack at one o'clock. Lightly toned with underlying lustre. Very Rare.The historical parallels between Augustus' victories in civil war and those of Septimius Severus more than two centuries later were too obvious for the latter to ignore. The reverse of this type depicts the Ludi Saeculares held by Severus in AD 204 on the cycle employed by Augustus, exactly two hundred and twenty years after the games of 17 BC, which had been eulogised by Horace and ultimately celebrated the foundation of Rome. The historian Dio Cassius relates: "The whole construction in the amphitheatre was made in the form of a ship, and was so conceived that 400 beasts might be received into it, and at the same time be sent forth from it. Then, when it suddenly collapsed there issued out of it bears, lionesses, panthers, lions, ostriches, wild asses and bison, so that seven hundred beasts, both wild and domesticated, were seen running about at the same time and were slaughtered." (LXXVII, 4-5).The presence of the charioteers on this coin are likely in reference to the circus races that Severus also held in commemoration of this occasion, along with gladiatorial games, and the distribution of a donative. From the meagre fragmentary remains of the fifty lined poem in hexameter by an unknown writer eulogising the Ludi Saeculares of 204, it can be inferred that by that date many contemporaries could reasonably believe that Septimius Severus, a 'second Augustus', had inaugurated a new Golden Age, a 'happy time': laetitia temporum.
  12. MONETE RAFFIGURANTI GLADIATORI

    PHRYGIA, Synnada. GallienusEstimate $1500PHRYGIA, Synnada. Gallienus. 253-268 AD. Æ 33mm (15.21 gm). AUT KAI P LIK GALLHNOC, C-EB across field; laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right / CUN-NA-DE-WN, hunt scene in the amphitheatre: centre, lion chasing stag; below, bestiarius attacking boar with spear; above, usarius and performing bear. SNG von Aulock 3997 = BMC Phrygia 66 = Casson-Price,Studies B.L. Trell, pg. 70, fig. 1 (same dies); SNG Lewis 1560 (same dies); J. Nolle, "Kaiserliche Privilegien für Gladiatorenmunera und Tierhetzen: Unbekannte und ungedeutete Zeugnisse auf städtischen Münzen des griechischen Ostens," JNG 42/43 (1992/1993), pg. 51, 2b = Sternberg XI, 322 (same dies); E.S.G. Robinson, "Coins from Lycia and Pamphylia," JHS 34 (1914), pg. 37, 24 (not plated). EF, black patina. Extremely rare, one of five known. ($1500) See Sternberg Auktion XI (20-21 November 1981) for a comparable example (the current offering is perhaps slightly better centered) that sold for CHF 4100.Synnada received extraordinarily abundant donations for the organization of its gladiatorial games and hunts of wild beasts, and therefore sometimes depicts gladiatorial munera on its coinage. The larger and more impressive these spectator events, the more they met with imperial approval, which, of course, improved the reputation of the city.
  13. MONETE RAFFIGURANTI GLADIATORI

    RöMISCHE MüNZENREPUBLIKCN. DOMITIUS AHENOBARBUS (?)No.: 246Schätzpreis-Estimation: EUR 125,-d=18 mmDenar, 128. Romakopf mit geflügeltem Greifenkopfhelm rechts, im Feld links ähre, rechts * . Rs: ROMA / CN DOM. Victoria mit Peitsche in galoppierender Biga nach rechts fahrend, unter den Pferden Gladiator rechts, mit Lanze gegen einen Löwen kämpfend. Cr. 261/1. Syd. 514. Bab. 14. 3,97g. Rs. Kleiner Kratzer, fast vorzüglich.