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Menelao è stato il miglior utente nel giorno 19 Marzo

Menelao ha scritto i contenuti più apprezzati del forum!

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    Monetazione greca antica / Ancient Greek Coinage
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    Monetazione greca antica / Ancient Greek Coinage
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    Studioso autonomo / self-taught

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  1. L'evento si può vedere ed ascoltare in qualsiasi momento su Youtube anche senza iscrizione. Basta collegarsi qui: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCqP7Vmgu7Afpiplbt3so2mQ
  2. Certo! E' trai principali organizzatori.
  3. Adesso la sparo grossa. Riprendendo l'idea dell'amico Alberto potrebbe essere che veniva usato una sorta di "manicotto" come dice lui (qualcosa di simile ad una sezione di un moderno tubo metallico) per rimuovere la moneta appena coniata (e quindi ancora calda) dall'incudine di martello o una tenaglia simile a quella qui postata (usata però di lato, vale a dire utilizzando solo uno dei due bracci anteriori a mo' di leva e non "pizzicando" la moneta con le due estremità anteriori della morsa). L'assenza di un segno corrispondente sul diritto può spiegarsi pensando che la pressione dall'attrezzo si esercitava solo sul rovescio per quel tanto che bastava a far scivolare la moneta coniata e ancora "calda" in un recipiente in cui erano contenuti i pezzi battuti in precedenza .....
  4. Questi segni costituiscono un mistero intrigante ma al momento ben lontano dalla soluzione....

    Ho voluto analizzare in dettaglio tre emissioni di tetradrammi corinzi, ricostruite in maniera puntigliosa, allo scopo di verificare se regge l'interpretazione come numeri dei monogrammi riportati su tali monogrammi e devo dire che regge..

    I monogrammi riportati sui tetradrammi coniati a nome di Alessandro il Grande a Corinto nel 310-290 a.C. non sono degli insiemi di lettere, come sembrerebbe ovvio, ma degli insiemi di numeri, espressi in greco con le stesse lettere dell’alfabeto: ecco allora che tali monogrammi si rivelano delle interessantissime sequenze numeriche che indicano i quantitativi di moneta a mano a mano coniati. https://www.academia.edu/35830365/F._De_Luca_Tutti_i_numeri_di_Corinto_Un_interpretazione_numerica_dei_monogrammi_riportati_sui_tetradrammi_coniati_a_nome_di_Alessandro_il_Grande_a_Corinto_nel_310-290_a.C._Monete_Antiche_n.96_Novembre_Dicembre_2017

    Effettivamente è una moneta bellissima, tra le migliori per quanto riguarda la resa del leone al rovescio e l'occhio di prospetto di Apollo al diritto che a fatica si discosta dallo stile arcaico per andare incontro ai canoni dell'immortale e impareggiabile arte classica... Il tripode di Apollo si ritrova anche al rovescio di alcuni tetras di Leontini. Bertolami Fine Arts - ACR Auctions > E-Auction 49 Auction date: 12 November 2017 Lot number: 242 Price realized: 95 GBP (Approx. 126 USD / 108 EUR) Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees. Sicily, Leontini, c. 405-402 BC. Æ Tetras (15mm, 1.95 g, 2h). Laureate head of Apollo l.; ivy leaf with berry to l. R/ Tripod; barley grains flanking, three pellets in exergue. CNS III, 1; HGC 2, 709; SNG Copenhagen 361. Green patina, VF; ; Starting Price: 95 GBP


    Ma ce n'è anche un quarto... Questo proviene dagli stessi conii di diritto e di rovescio del primo statere qui postato ma non è la stessa moneta Gemini, LLC http://www.geminiauction.com/ Bookmark | Search similar lots Auction Lot Date Start Hammer Auction IV 153 (« | ») 8. Jan. 2008 * (premium account) * (premium account) Description MYSIA. Pergamum. Ca. 334 BC. Gold Stater (8.60 gm). Head of Alexander right as young Heracles in lion skin headdress / Facing Palladium wearing calathus on head, holding lance in raised right hand and filleted shield on left arm, crested Corinthian helmet right in lower left field. SNG Paris 1557 = Luynes 2493. Von Fritze, Die Munzen von Pergamon, pl. 1, 7 = EHC 268. Westermark, "Notes on the Saida hoard (IGCH 1508)," NNA 1979-80, nos. 36-37 (the Berlin and Paris specimens). Struck in high relief. Lustrous mint state. Pergamum was one of the richest cities in Hellenistic times. It was part of the empire of Alexander the Great, who conquered the region from the Persians. Subsequently Pergamum became the seat of the Attalid dynasty, a sophisticated center of wealth, art, literature, and military power. It was famous for its cult of Asclepius, the god of healing, and for the great Altar of Pergamum, erected to commemorate the defeat of the Gauls by Attalus I Soter. Its magnificent frieze, 390 feet long and 7.5 feet high, was discovered in 1891 by the German Karl Human, built into a Byzantine wall as if it were no more than old stones. It is now one of the principal treasures of the Berlin Museum. The exquisite gold staters of Pergamum were produced by Alexander himself, early in his reign before his great eastern conquests and thus before he had vast gold reserves at his disposal. The obverse features a head of Alexander as Heracles, wearing a lion skin. This type was soon to be introduced on Alexander's silver tetradrachms and drachms, and was later used on his decadrachms as well, but the Pergamene stater issue marks its only appearance on gold. The portrait can be identified as Alexander, not only from the ivory portrait of him found in Tomb II at Vergina, but also because Alexander is portrayed wearing the lion skin while riding his horse Bucephalus in a royal lion hunt sculpted on the sarcophagus of his friend Abdalonymus, king of Sidon, which is in the Archaeology Museum in Istanbul. The reverse is equally wonderful. The Pergamene stater is the only gold coin that features the famous Athena Palladium of Troy. This image of Athena was regarded as the guardian of Troy. According to one myth, the city could never be taken as long as the Palladium remained in Troy. Entering the city through a secret passage, the Greek heroes Diomedes and Odysseus removed the Palladium, thus making it possible for the Greeks to get the Trojan Horse into the city and win the war. According to other myths, the Palladium subsequently made its way to Athens, Argos, or Sparta, but the most common story is that it was not taken from Troy at all until the fall of the city, when the Trojan hero Aeneas rescued it and carried it with other Trojan refugees to Italy. Aeneas' descendants founded Rome, and the Palladium, now regarded as the guardian of Rome, was deposited in the temple of Vesta in the Roman Forum. The Athena Palladium is often depicted on Roman coinage held by Roma or by the emperor, but it is never shown so clearly or in such detail as on this coin of Pergamum. The Athena and her Palladium were important to Alexander, who claimed descent from Achilles, the great Greek hero of the Trojan War. A head of Athena graces the obverse of every one of Alexander's gold staters. The Pergamene stater, however, is the only Alexander-related gold coin with a complete figure of Athena—and at that the most famous one from mythology. This issue is thus quite remarkable in that it uses major motifs and types of Alexander's imperial coinage, but in ways unparalleled on other gold coins. The issue is also remarkable because allusions to Troy, Alexander the Great, and the founding of Rome are all joined in a single coin. Harlan J. Berk. Estimate: US$110000

    Sono dunque questi i tre esemplari noti?

    Un altro ancora ad ottobre scorso... Nomos AG > Auction 15 Auction date: 22 October 2017 Lot number: 142 Price realized: 58,000 CHF (Approx. 58,973 USD / 50,033 EUR) Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees. Lot description: GREEK COINS Mysia. Pergamon. 334-332 BC. Stater (Gold, 17 mm, 8.60 g, 1 h). Head of youthful Herakles to right, wearing lion skin headdress. Rev. Palladium, wearing kalathos, standing facing in an archaistic manner, holding a shield over her left arm and thrusting with a spear held in her upraised right hand; in field to left, Corinthian helmet with crest; hanging from the shield, fillet ending in tassels. Callataÿ 1 m (this coin). De Luÿnes 2492 = SNG France 1557. Gulbenkian 699 = Jameson 2580. A particularly attractive example, very nicely centered. Good extremely fine. From an American collection. Dated to 334-332 in the most recent sources, this may, in fact, be too early and we may have to visualize this as having been struck slightly later, after the ever increasing numbers of Alexander's standard silver issues, with their comparable heads of Herakles, had begun to flood the markets of the ancient world. In every way this coin, accompanied by a small number of other pieces with differing symbols, must have been special: it bears no name of the authority that issued it, and only the characteristic Pergamene figure of Athena points to that city as its origin. The presence of examples of this type in the famous Saïda hoard, dating to the late 320s, makes it clear that it had to have been struck at some point during the reign of Alexander himself. If so, we might view it as a special issue designed to pay the troops who guarded Pergamon, location of one of the greatest stores of wealth in all of Alexander's empire. Estimate: 50000 CHF

    Lo scorso 8 gennaio è stato venduto un altro statere d'oro di Pergamo ad un prezzo inferiore... Heritage World Coin Auctions > NYINC Signature Sale 3061 Auction date: 7 January 2018 Lot number: 32045 Price realized: 44,000 USD (Approx. 36,555 EUR) Note: Prices do not include buyer's fees. Show similar lots on CoinArchives Lot description: Ancients MYSIA. Pergamum. Time of Alexander III the Great, ca. 334-323 BC. AV stater (20mm, 8.62 gm, 1h). NGC MS 5/5 - 3/5, Fine Style. Head of young Heracles right wearing lion skin headdress, paws knotted at neck / Figure of Athena Palladium standing facing, archaized, calathus (grain basket) on head, brandishing spear in raised right hand, left hand holding shield emblazoned with stellate pattern, with hanging fillet ending in tassel, to lower left crested Corinthian helmet facing right. de Callataÿ, Statères 2n (D2/R3). SNG Paris 1557. Von Fritze, Die Münzen von Pergamon, pl. 1, 7. Westermark, "Notes on the Saida hoard" (IGCH 1508), NNÅ 1979-80, nos. 36-37 (Berlin and Paris specimens). A gorgeous example of this rarity, fully lustrous, deeply struck from dies of exquisite style, and much better centered than most known examples. This remarkable gold stater type, lacking any inscription but struck from dies of highly refined style, has been attributed to the city of Pergamum based on symbols and imagery common to silver coins struck with the city's ethnic. The date of its issue is far less evident and has been the subject of much conjecture. The obverse closely resembles lifetime silver coins of Alexander III the Great from Asia Minor, and the weight standard conforms to the gold staters issued by the Macedonian state. But this raises chronological problems because the city of Pergamum did not rise to prominence until long after Alexander's death, in fact it was little more than a strategic mountain fortress until Lysimachus of Thrace made it his treasury in 301 BC. The type being quite rare, hoard finds have been few but helpful; two examples found in the Saïda hoard point to a date before 323 BC. The most recent analysis of known specimens by Francoise de Callataÿ, published in 2012, identified five obverse and seven reverse dies, perhaps produced by two different engravers, all struck in a tight, die-linked series over a short period of time. He suggests the coins were personally commissioned by Alexander shortly after his initial invasion of Asia Minor and seizure of Pergamum in 334 BC, utilizing dies produced by engravers accompanying his army. The lack of an identifying ethnic and the different imagery than that employed on Alexander's usual gold staters could be explained by the desire to maintain "deniability" should the fortunes of war shift and the Persians regain the city. These staters, then, are the first coins produced at what would go on to become one of antiquity's greatest cities and the capital of its own empire in the Hellenistic era. HID02901242017 Estimate: 40000-50000 USD

    A proposito di Palladio: Dracma d’argento (5,65 g) coniata ad Argo nel 370-350 a.C. D.: testa di Hera a destra con corona decorata con palmette. R.: Diomede, con una clamide poggiata sulle spalle e spada in pugno, sottrae il Palladio di Troia; legenda: ARGEIWN, “(moneta) degli argivi”. Questa rara moneta è stata venduta all’asta nel 2006 a 53.742 dollari! (LHS Numismatik AG, asta n.96 dell’8/05/2006, lotto n.1067). Con questa rara moneta Argo omaggia il suo epico re Diomede che partecipò alla spedizione contro Troia al comando di ben ottanta navi e fu, accanto ad Achille, il più coraggioso ed eroico dei greci. Omero ricorda la speciale protezione di cui egli godeva da parte di Atena e le numerose imprese militari che lo videro cimentarsi in combattimento contro i maggiori eroi troiani, come Ettore ed Enea, e persino contro gli dèi che di volta in volta si schieravano al fianco dei troiani. Soltanto a lui, infatti, fra tutti i guerrieri greci, la dea Atena aveva tolto dagli occhi il velo di nebbia che impediva ai mortali di distinguere gli dèi in battaglia: così Diomede potè ferire Afrodite, che stava difendendo Enea, e lo stesso Ares. Insieme ad Ulisse Diomede si travestì da mendicante ed entrò a Troia dove riuscì a rubare il Palladio, il simulacro di Pallade Atena che rendeva imprendibile la città: sulla moneta al rovescio è rappresentato proprio questo avventuroso episodio.

    splendida moneta!